Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors linked with arterial distensibility in adolescence
The longitudinal study on children and adolescents conducted by the Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Turku is unique worldwide. The study shows that cardiovascular risk factors, such as overweight, high blood pressure, low–density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and insulin resistance, are associated with arterial distensibility in adolescence. Arterial distensibility decreases with age, i.e. arteries stiffen. Arterial stiffness is associated with the endpoints of cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, heart attack and cardiac death.